Building the Peregrine Galley: Running Rigging of the Fore Mast
Fore Course Jeers
The jeers consist of a single block on each side of the yard near the center and double blocks hanging from the masthead through the lubber's hole. The run on each side starts from the hard just outboard of the yard block, up to the double block, down to the yard block, up to the double block, and then directly down to the fore bitts to be belayed.
Fore Course Lifts
The lift starts from a block stropped to the foremast cap, down to the upper of the two blocks on the end of the yard, up to the block on the cap, and then down to the rail. I belay it near the timberheads abaft the fore bitts.
Fore Course Braces
The fore braces run to the mainstay. The standing part gives you a pair of blocks lashed directly to the mainstay and corresponding blocks on the ends of a long pendant lashed to the yard. The line runs from a fixed point above the blocks on the mainstay to the pendant blocks, then to the blocks on the mainstay and then down. I belay it to the main bitts.
Fore Course Tacks
The fore tack is a single line from the clew to the stem of the ship. The British convention according to Anderson for this time was to place a fairlead in the head (I hust run it around the head rails), run the fore tack through this, and then to the forecastle. I belay it to the second fore timberhead from the outside. The bumkin would not come into use until more like 1710.
Fore Course Sheets
The fore sheets start from the hull just forward of the main channels, go up to the block on the clew, then back through a sheave in the hull near the starting point, belayed inboard.
The clewline starts near the outer clew block on the yard, goes through a block on the clew, then back up to a block just slightly inboard of the starting point. It then runs laterally to a block very close to the center, just outside the quarter block for the topsail sheet, and then down to the deck. I belay it to one of the cleats on the foremast.
These go to blocks on the bowsprit just aft of the forestay and then to the forecastle. I belay it to the second timberhead from the center on each side.
These work line the main leechlines. A rope starts from one of the leech points, to a block on the yard, up to the lower sheave of a shoe/fiddle block, down to the other block on the yard, and then down to the other leech point. The other rope starts from way up in the fore topmast head, down to the upper sheave of the block, up to a block on a pendant from the fore topmast head, and then down to a cleat on the foremast.
These run similarly to the main course buntlines but lead aft instead of forward. A rope starts from one bunt, goes to a block on the yard, up to a block under the fore top crosstrees, down to a shoe or fiddle block, then back to the other block under the fore top, the other block on the yard, and to the other bunt. The hauling part is fixed to the aft forecastle rail, goes up to the block, and then down again to the starting point.
Fore Topsail Halyard
The tie is a double block dead center on the yard. Two block, one on each side, hang from pendants attached above all the other standing rigging. A line goes from the topmast head on one side, through the yard block, up to the pendant block, and then down to a tackle. The standing part of the tackle is outboard near the topmast backstay, while the running part should be belayed on the rail nearby.
Fore Topsail Lifts
The fore topsail lift doubles as the fore topgallant sheet. The line runs from the clew of the topgallant sail, to a block near the end of the topsail yard, up to a block on a pendant hanging below the topmast trestletrees, then down to the fore bitts.
Fore Topsail Brace
This run is somewhat more exotic. The line starts from the main topmast backstay, to a block on a pendant from the topmast yard ends, down to a block on the main topmast stay, down to a block below it on the main stay, then to the rail. I take it to somewhere neat the first quarterdeck stanchion (which isn't actually on the quarterdeck but by the stairs leading to the quarterdeck).
Fore Topsail Clewline
These start from the yard, down to a block on the clew, then back up to a block on the yard just inboard of the starting point, then down through the lubber's hole to the deck. I belay it between the last two forecastle timberheads.
Fore Topsail Sheets
Runs from the clew to the lower of two blocks on the course yard, over to a block beneath the yard just outboard of the jeers, and then down to the deck. Belay on the bitts in front of the mast.
Fore Topsail Bowlines
On the yard they are set up like the course bowlines. But these run forward through the outer sheaves of the triple block on the bowsprit between the forestay and fore topmast stay, then back to the forecastle. I belay to the foremost stanchion on the forecastle.
Fore Topsail Leechlines
The leechline is a bit simplified; I run it from the leech to a block near the center of the yard and then directly down to a belaying point on the rail at the end of the forecastle deck.
Fore Topsail Buntlines
The buntline runs from the bunt up to a block directly above it on the yard, to a short pendant hanging below the trestletrees, then down to the rail near the aft two stanchions on the forecastle rail (by the stairs).
Fore Topsail Reef Tackle
These work like any other reef tackle, running from the sail up through a hole in the yard ends and to a tackle on a pendant from the topmast head. Belay the free end to the first deadeye on the fore top.
Fore Topgallant Halyard
As expected, it runs from the center of the yard through a sheave in the topgallant mast and then is set up in a tackle on the fore top.
Fore Topgallant Lifts
The topgallan lifts go from the end of the yard to a block on a pendant from the topgallant masthead and then down to the center deadeye on the fore top.
Fore Topgallant Braces
The brace has an amusing run, directly from the yard ends to a block on the main topgallant stay, to a block below it on the topmast backstay, to a block below it on the main stay, and then out to the sides toward the rail. I take it to the very end of the forecastle rail (by the steps up).
Fore Topgallant Sheets
These double as the topsail lift.
Fore Topgallant Clewline
Being a smaller sail, the topgallant clewline is a single line starting from the clew, going up to a block on the yard, and then down. The belaying point is in the top, by the aft deadeye.
Fore Topgallant Bowline
The run goes to the fore topgallant stay, as you'd expect, then to a block attached to aftmost sprit topmast shroud, then to a block on the bowsprit, then back to the forecastle. I belay it to the two centermost timberheads in the forecastle.